By Janos Talaber ,Péter Antalóczy
By Kweku Ampiah
By Glyn Stone,Dick Richardson,Professor Glyn A Stone
By Takashi Shiraishi
By Anton Pelinka
The years of Chancellors Dollfuss and Schuschnigg's authoritarian governments (1933/34-1938) were denounced as "Austrofascism" from the left, or defended as a Christian company nation ("Stondestaat") from the perfect. in this interval, Austria used to be in a determined fight to keep up its nationwide independence vis-o-vis Hitler's Germany, a fight that eventually failed. after all, the Nazis invaded and annexed Austria (Anschluss").
Volume eleven of the modern Austrian reviews sequence remains clear of those heated historiographical debates and appears at monetary, household, and foreign politics sine ira et studio. Timothy Kirk opens with an evaluate of "Austrofascism" in mild of contemporary discourse on interwar eu fascism. 3 students from the Economics college of Vienna research the macroeconomic weather of the Thirties: Hansjrg Klausinger the "Vienna School's" theoretical contributions to finish the "Great Depression"; Gerhard Senft the commercial guidelines of the Stondestaat; and Peter Berger the monetary relief from the League of countries. Jens Wessels delves into the microeconomic enviornment and offers case stories of major Austrian companies and their functionality in the course of the melancholy. Jim Miller appears at Dollfuss, the agrarian reformer. Alexander Lassner and Erwin Schmidl take care of the context of the foreign enviornment and Austria's determined look for security opposed to Nazi Anschluss-pressure and army preparedness opposed to international aggression.
In a comparativist essay Megan Greene compares the rules of Austria's Haider and Italy's Berlusconi and up to date european responses to threats from the suitable. The "FORUM" appears at a number of fresh historic commissions in Austria facing Holocaust-era resources and their efforts to supply restitution to sufferers of Nazism. evaluation essays, by way of Evan Burr Bukey and Hermann Freudenberger, survey fresh scholarly literature on Austria(ns) in the course of global struggle II. This addition to the
By Christian Le Mière,Jeffrey Mazo
Christian Le Mière and Jeffrey Mazo carry much-needed sobriety to the dialogue of switch within the Arctic, outlining the probabilities of and boundaries to financial possibilities within the excessive North whereas offering a close exam of the political and armed forces adjustments this could carry. Their research presents a useful consultant because the quarter transforms from a parochial situation to a world interest.
By Colin Dueck
In Reluctant Crusaders, Colin Dueck examines styles of switch and continuity in American international coverage procedure via 4 significant turning issues: the sessions following global struggle I, global warfare II, the chilly struggle, and the 11th of September terrorist assaults. He exhibits how American cultural assumptions relating to liberal international coverage objectives, including overseas pressures, have acted to push and pull U.S. coverage in competing instructions through the years. the result's a publication that mixes an appreciation for the function of either energy and tradition in foreign affairs.
the center piece of Dueck's publication is his dialogue of America's "grand strategy"--the identity and promoting of nationwide targets in another country within the face of constrained assets and strength resistance. one of many universal criticisms of the Bush administration's grand method is that it has grew to become its again on a long-standing culture of liberal internationalism in international affairs. yet Dueck argues that those criticisms misread America's liberal internationalist culture. in fact, Bush's grand procedure for the reason that 11th of September has been seriously encouraged via conventional American overseas coverage assumptions.
whereas liberal internationalists argue that the USA should still advertise a world method characterised through democratic governments and open markets, Dueck contends, those related internationalists are inclined to outline American pursuits in wide, expansive, and idealistic phrases, with no continuously admitting the mandatory charges and dangers of this sort of grand imaginative and prescient. the result is usually sweeping objectives, pursued by way of disproportionately constrained means.
By Alexander C. Tan,Steve Chan,Calvin Jillson
By Dennis J. Dunn
By Markus Hahn